How to install node.js on Ubuntu

How to Install Node.js on Ubuntu: A Comprehensive Guide 01

How to Install Node.js on Ubuntu: Building Scalable and Efficient Web Applications

Wondering how to install Node.js on Ubuntu? But no idea where to get started, don’t worry we got you covered in blog we explore all the questions on how to install Node.js on Ubuntu.

But first let’s learn some basic things about node.js.

 Node.js has emerged as a powerful platform in modern web development, revolutionizing the way we build scalable and efficient applications. When combined with Ubuntu, the popular Linux distribution, Node.js unlocks a plethora of benefits that enable developers to create robust and high-performance web applications. 

1. Importance of Node.js in Modern Web Development:

   – Node.js is built on Chrome’s V8 JavaScript engine, providing a server-side runtime environment for executing JavaScript code.

   – It offers a non-blocking, event-driven architecture that allows for highly concurrent and asynchronous programming.

     – It has a rich ecosystem of packages and libraries available through the Node Package Manager (NPM), allowing developers to leverage existing solutions and accelerate development.

2. Benefits of Using Node.js on Ubuntu:

   a) Performance and Scalability:

      – Ubuntu’s lightweight and efficient nature complements Node.js, resulting in enhanced performance and scalability.

      – Node.js’s non-blocking I/O model, combined with Ubuntu’s optimized system resources, allows for handling a large number of simultaneous connections efficiently.

   b) Robust Development Environment:

      – The availability of various software repositories and package management tools makes it easy to install and manage Node.js and its dependencies.

   c) Community Support and Collaboration:

      – Both Node.js and Ubuntu boast vibrant and active communities of developers, providing extensive support, documentation, and collaborative opportunities.

   d) Deployment and Server Management:

      – Ubuntu’s compatibility and widespread usage make it an ideal choice for deploying Node.js applications to production servers.

How to install node.js on Ubuntu
How to install node.js on Ubuntu

How to Install Node.js on Ubuntu: Method 1

First method of how to install Node.js on Ubuntu is using the Default Ubuntu Repository. Installing Node.js from the Ubuntu repository is a straightforward process that offers several advantages, including stability and official support. Follow these step-by-step instructions to install Node.js:

1. Update the Package Manager:

   – On your Ubuntu system, launch the terminal programme.

   – To update the package management, use the following command:

 sudo apt update

2. Install Node.js:

   – Enter the following command to install Node.js and npm (Node Package Manager):

 sudo apt install nodejs

3. Verify the Installation:

   – To verify that Node.js and npm have been successfully installed, run the following commands:

 node -v

 npm -v

     You should see the versions of Node.js and npm printed in the terminal, confirming the installation.

Advantages of Installing from the Ubuntu Repository:

– Stability: The Node.js package available in the Ubuntu repository is tested and verified to work well with the Ubuntu system, providing a stable environment for your applications.

– Official Support: Installing from the official Ubuntu repository ensures that you receive official support and updates from the Ubuntu community, keeping your Node.js installation up to date and secure.

By following these steps, you can easily learn how to install Node.js on Ubuntu from the Ubuntu repository and take advantage of the stability and official support offered by this method.

How to Install Node.js on Ubuntu – Method 2: Using Node Version Manager (NVM)

Second way of how to install node.js on ubuntu is Node Version Manager (NVM), it is a useful tool for managing multiple Node.js versions on your Ubuntu system. It allows you to switch between different Node.js versions effortlessly based on your project requirements. Here’s an introduction to NVM and a step-by-step guide on how to install Node.js on Ubuntu:

Introduction to NVM:

– NVM is a version manager for Node.js that enables you to install and manage multiple versions of Node.js on the same machine.

– It provides flexibility in choosing different Node.js versions for different projects without affecting the global Node.js installation.

– With NVM, you can easily switch between Node.js versions, test compatibility, and ensure consistency across projects.

Step-by-step guide to installing NVM on Ubuntu:

1. Launch the terminal application on your Ubuntu machine.

2. Download the NVM installation script using cURL:

 curl -o- | bash

3. Run the installation script:


4. Close and reopen the terminal or run the following command to load NVM:

 source ~/.bashrc   

5. Run the following command to validate the installation:

 nvm --version 

6. Install a specific version of Node.js using NVM:

   – List the available Node.js versions:

 nvm ls-remote

   – Choose a specific version to install, for example, Node.js 14:

 nvm install 14    

   – Configure the installed version to be the default:

 nvm use 14

   – Verify the Node.js version:

 node -v

This is how to install node.js on Ubuntu by using NVM. By following these steps, you can install NVM on your Ubuntu system, allowing you to manage multiple Node.js versions effortlessly. NVM provides the flexibility to switch between versions based on project requirements, enabling you to work with different Node.js environments efficiently.

How to install node.js on Ubuntu
How to install node.js on Ubuntu

Installing Node.js 16 on Ubuntu

How to install Node.js on Ubuntu (ver.16) brings significant enhancements and features to the table, making it a desirable choice for web developers. Here’s an overview of Node.js 16 and detailed instructions for installing it using both the repository and NVM methods:

1. Significance of Node.js 16:

   – Improved Performance: Node.js 16 includes optimizations that enhance the runtime’s performance, resulting in faster and more efficient execution of JavaScript code.

   – Updated V8 Engine: It is powered by an updated version of the V8 JavaScript engine, offering better compatibility, language support, and performance improvements.

   – Stable ECMAScript Modules (ESM) Support: Node.js 16 provides stable support for ECMAScript Modules, enabling developers to use the import/export syntax natively in their Node.js projects.

   – Diagnostic Report Updates: It introduces enhancements to the diagnostic reporting capability, making it easier to identify and resolve issues in production environments.

2. Installing Node.js 16 on Ubuntu:

   a) Using the Default Ubuntu Repository:

 sudo apt update
 sudo apt install 

   b) Using Node Version Manager (NVM):

 nvm install 16
 nvm use 16

   After completing the installation, you can verify the Node.js version using the command:

 node -v

This is how to install node.js on Ubuntu (Node.js ver16)

Installing Node.js 18 on Ubuntu

How to install Node.js on ubuntu (ver. 18) introduces various improvements and updates, empowering developers with enhanced capabilities. Here’s a brief overview of Node.js 18 and step-by-step instructions for installing it using the recommended approach:

1. Improvements in Node.js 18:

   – Worker Thread Enhancements: Node.js 18 provides improved worker thread APIs, allowing developers to leverage threads for parallel processing and better resource utilization.

   – Diagnostic Report Enhancements: It includes additional diagnostic information, making it easier to diagnose and troubleshoot issues in Node.js applications.

   – Crypto Enhancements: Node.js 18 brings enhancements to the crypto module, improving security and providing additional cryptographic capabilities.

   – V8 Engine Updates: It includes an updated version of the V8 engine, delivering performance improvements, new language features, and enhanced memory management.

2. Installing Node.js 18 on Ubuntu:

   – The recommended approach for installing Node.js 18 is using Node Version Manager (NVM). Follow the steps below:


 nvm install 18
 nvm use 18

   After the installation, you can verify the Node.js version by running the command:

 node -v

By following these instructions, you can easily install Node.js 16 and Node.js 18 on your Ubuntu system using either the repository or NVM method. Embrace the new features and improvements offered by these versions to enhance your web development experience.

How to install node.js on Ubuntu
How to install node.js on Ubuntu

Managing Node.js with NPM (Node Package Manager)

NPM (Node Package Manager) plays a crucial role in the Node.js ecosystem by providing a vast collection of reusable code packages and managing project dependencies. Understanding NPM and its basic commands is essential for effective package management in Node.js:

1. Role of NPM and its Importance:

   – Package Management: NPM allows developers to install, publish, and manage external libraries and frameworks effortlessly. It provides access to a rich repository of packages, enabling developers to leverage existing solutions and save time in building applications.

   – Dependency Management: NPM helps manage project dependencies by tracking and installing the required packages for a project. It ensures that all the necessary dependencies are properly installed, preventing compatibility issues and simplifying the development process.

   – Version Control: NPM allows developers to specify version requirements for packages, ensuring consistent and reproducible builds across different environments. It enables project teams to work with the same package versions, improving collaboration and stability.

2. Basic NPM Commands for Package Management:

   Package Installation: Install packages with the following command:

 npm install <package-name>

   – Installing Packages as Development Dependencies: To install packages that are only required for development purposes, use the `–save-dev` flag:

 npm install <package-name> --save-dev

   – Updating Packages: To update packages to their latest versions, run:

 npm update

   – Removing Packages: Use the following command to remove a package from your project:

 npm uninstall <package-name>

   – Listing Installed Packages: To view the list of installed packages and their versions, run:

 npm list

   – Running Scripts: NPM allows defining custom scripts in the `package.json` file. To execute a script, use the following command:

 npm run <script-name>

   – Searching for Packages: To search for packages in the NPM registry, use:

 npm search <keyword>

By familiarizing yourself with these basic NPM commands, you can efficiently manage packages and dependencies in your Node.js projects.

Updating Node.js Version on Ubuntu

Keeping your Node.js installation up to date is crucial for ensuring security, stability, and performance improvements. Here are step-by-step instructions for updating Node.js on Ubuntu using both the repository and NVM methods:

1. Updating Node.js using the Repository Method:

 sudo apt update
 sudo apt upgrade nodejs

2. Updating Node.js using NVM:

  nvm install node --reinstall-packages-from=node

3. Verifying the Updated Node.js Version:

   – To verify that Node.js has been updated successfully, run the following command:

     node -v

Importance of Keeping Node.js Up to Date:

– Security: Updating Node.js ensures that you have the latest security patches and bug fixes, reducing the risk of vulnerabilities and potential security breaches in your applications.

– Performance: New versions of Node.js often come with performance optimizations and improvements, allowing your applications to run faster and handle increased workloads more efficiently.

– Compatibility: Updated Node.js versions provide compatibility with newer libraries, frameworks, and tools, enabling you to leverage the latest features and enhancements in the ecosystem.

– Bug Fixes: Updating Node.js addresses known issues and bugs, enhancing the stability and reliability of your applications.

– Community Support: Staying up to date with Node.js ensures that you can benefit from the active community support, access to new features, and guidance on best practices.

By regularly updating your Node.js installation, you can take advantage of the latest security enhancements, performance optimizations, and compatibility improvements. Keeping Node.js up to date is an essential practice for maintaining the health and efficiency of your web development projects.


In conclusion, we have explored various methods of installing Node.js on Ubuntu, including using the default Ubuntu repository and the Node Version Manager (NVM). We have covered the installation steps for specific versions, such as Node.js 16 and Node.js 18. By following these methods, you can easily set up and manage different versions of Node.js on your Ubuntu system.

As you embark on your journey as a web developer on Ubuntu, it’s important to remember that Node.js is just the beginning. Explore the vast ecosystem of packages and frameworks available through NPM, and continue learning and experimenting with different tools and technologies.

Stay up to date with the latest advancements in web development, and don’t hesitate to collaborate with the active developer community. Ubuntu’s compatibility with Node.js and its thriving developer ecosystem provide a fertile ground for honing your web development skills. Embrace the opportunities that Node.js and Ubuntu present, and let your creativity soar as you build innovative and scalable applications. Happy coding!

How to install node.js on Ubuntu
How to install node.js on Ubuntu


1. How do I install Node.js on Ubuntu?

   – You can install Node.js on Ubuntu by using either the default Ubuntu repository or the Node Version Manager (NVM).

2. What is the default Ubuntu repository method?

   – The default Ubuntu repository method involves running the commands “sudo apt update” and “sudo apt install nodejs” in the terminal.

3. How do I install NVM on Ubuntu?

   – To install NVM on Ubuntu, you can use the command “curl -o- | bash” in the terminal.

4. How do I install a specific version of Node.js using NVM?

   – After installing NVM, you can install a specific version of Node.js by running the command “nvm install <version>” in the terminal.

5. Why is it important to keep Node.js up to date?

   – Keeping Node.js up to date ensures that you have the latest security patches, performance improvements, and compatibility with new libraries and frameworks.

6. How do I update Node.js on Ubuntu?

   – You can update Node.js on Ubuntu by using the commands “sudo apt update” and “sudo apt upgrade nodejs” for the repository method, or “nvm install node –reinstall-packages-from=node” for NVM.

7. How do I verify the Node.js version after installation or update?

   – You can verify the Node.js version by running the command “node -v” in the terminal.